Key topics from the G7 summit in Japan
Ukraine's Volodymyr Zelenskiy has brought his call for support against Russia's invasion to the Group of Seven (G7) summit in Japan, where leaders agreed to tighten sanctions against Moscow and pare back exposure to China.
* G7 leaders outlined a shared approach towards China, looking to "de-risk, not decouple" economic engagement with a country regarded as the factory of the world. The G7 is looking to bridge a vast gap with emerging economies in the "Global South" by focusing on infrastructure and debt relief, officials say, part of a strategy to blunt China's influence in lower-income countries.
* US President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida have discussed ways to strengthen defence co-operation and counter coercive behaviour by China, the White House said.
* China is gravely concerned about recent signs of "negative" China-related moves at the G7 summit and urges Japan not to turn it into a "political show" against or to curb China, the country's embassy in Japan said. Its embassy in London warned any words or deeds harming China's interests would be met with "firm and resolute countermeasures".
* G7 leaders said they had ensured Ukraine had the budget support it needs for this year and early 2024. "Today we are taking new steps to ensure that Russia's illegal aggression against the sovereign state of Ukraine fails and to support the Ukrainian people in their quest for a just peace rooted in respect for international law," they said in a statement.
* The US announced sanctions on more than 300 targets, aiming to punish Russia for its invasion of Ukraine and intensifying one of the harshest sanctions efforts ever implemented.
* During the summit, US President Joe Biden will announce a $US375 million ($A564 million) military aid package for Ukraine that includes artillery, ammunition and HIMARS rocket launchers, a US official said.
* Biden informed G7 leaders that Washington would support a joint effort with allies to train Ukrainian pilots on F-16 fighter jets, CNN reported, citing a senior US administration official.
* German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said his government wanted pragmatic measures to prevent the circumvention of sanctions imposed on Russia.
* Britain published plans to ban imports of Russian diamonds, copper, aluminium and nickel and announced a new wave of sanctions against Russia, targeting companies connected to the alleged theft of Ukrainian grain.
* Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will meet Zelenskiy on the sidelines of the G7 summit, India's foreign ministry said, their first meeting since Russia invaded Ukraine in February 2022.
* G7 leaders called on all participants of the Black Sea grain deal "to continue and fully implement its smooth operation at its maximum potential and for as long as necessary", it said in a statement.
ECONOMY, CLIMATE, NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION
* G7 leaders agreed on an initiative to counter "economic coercion", pledging action to ensure any actors attempting to weaponise economic dependence would fail and face consequences.
* The G7 called for the development and adoption of international technical standards for "trustworthy" artificial intelligence (AI) as lawmakers of the rich countries focus on the new technology.
* G7 leaders reaffirmed their commitment to a highly decarbonised road sector by 2030 and committed to the goal of achieving net-zero emissions on roads by 2050.
* The G7 must take the lead in phasing out fossil fuels, the leaders of seven countries including the Netherlands and Chile said, attempting to build momentum for a global deal this year to gradually quit oil, coal and gas.
* The G7 believes publicly supported investment in the gas sector can be temporarily appropriate while countries are accelerating the phasing-out of their dependency on Russia, a draft communique seen by Reuters showed.
* Leaders of the G7 called for a "world without nuclear weapons", urging Russia, Iran, China and North Korea to cease nuclear escalation and embrace non-proliferation, a statement released by the White House showed.