Italian Premiere Giuseppe Conte has ordered strict new anti-coronavirus measures, including limits on private gatherings and a ban on casual pick-up sports.
Conte negotiated with the country's regions to win limits on private gatherings, over the objections of some governors.
Parties in closed spaces are banned but the measures, imposed on Tuesday, are limited to "strong recommendations" against private gatherings in homes with more than six people who do not live under the same roof.
Bars and restaurants must close by midnight and drinks can only be consumed at tables - not while standing at the bar or outside - after 9pm.
Also banned are any contact sports that are not organised by an association that can maintain distancing rules. That means no casual games of Italy's beloved soccer in local parks.
After mandating the wearing of masks outdoors last week, the government sought the additional measures, with the number of new cases rising to about 5000 a day in the past week.