German coal protest stand-off continues

The battle to clear hundreds of climate protesters holed up in an abandoned village in western Germany has entered its second day, in a continuing stand-off over the expansion of a coal mine.

For more than two years, demonstrators have occupied Luetzerath, a village in the brown-coal district of the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia, to stop the expansion of the Garzweiler lignite coal mine, run by energy firm RWE.

Following a court decision allowing RWE to proceed with the expansion, hundreds of police in riot gear moved in on Wednesday morning, clearing barricades erected by the activists.

But progress has been slow - two people have been detained and three more were in custody since the operation started on Wednesday, Aachen police spokesman Andrew Mueller said.

Activists said hundreds of protesters were still at the site.

Equipped with ladders on a rainy Thursday morning, police climbed the walls of one of the abandoned houses in the village as protesters in the building and on its roof chanted "people got the power" and "Luetzerath stays".

Protesters have formed human chains, staged sit-ins and occupied deserted buildings which will be razed to make way for the mine's expansion.

Some have dug themselves into holes in the ground while others hung suspended from wooden tripods.

The stand-off has been relatively peaceful, with a few light injuries on both sides according to police who on Thursday said they were prepared for all scenarios, including further escalation with the squatters in the coming days.

Police on Tuesday said it could take weeks to resolve the stand-off with environmentalists, which is seen as a symbol of Berlin's failing climate policy in light of the energy crisis in Europe's biggest economy.

"We're working our way up bit by bit. The weather doesn't make it much easier but for now it's peaceful," another Aachen police spokeswoman, Cornelia Weber, said.

"We hope it stays that way."

The Garzweiler mine extracts about 25 million tonnes of lignite every year, according to RWE.

The company has said it supports both energy transition and a temporary increase in the use of lignite-fired plants to tide Germany through the energy crisis.