Fiji leader says hopes China, US rivalry will not lead to military conflict

By Kirsty Needham

SYDNEY (Reuters) - Fiji's Prime Minister Sitiveni Rabuka said the Pacific Islands should be a "zone of peace", adding that he hopes a rivalry between the United States and China in the strategic region does not develop into a military conflict.

Rabuka was speaking after attending a summit meeting of several Pacific Island leaders, where climate change and regional security dominated the agenda. The leaders of Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Fiji and New Caledonia's ruling FLNKS party had met in Vanuatu on Thursday.

The Melanesian Spearhead Group leaders have yet to publicly release a joint declaration on regional security that was signed at the summit, however Rabuka said discussions focused on the rivalry between the United States and China in the region.

"They are trying to polarise the Pacific into their own camps, so we have to be very certain that whatever we do, we are mindful of the collective need of the Pacific to be a zone of peace, a zone of non-aligned territories," he said in a video statement released by Fiji's government on Friday.

"Hopefully that will not develop into military conflict or military jealousies that will see a build up of military forces or weapons in the area," he added.

The five nations, strategically located in the South Pacific and pivotal during World War Two, are again at the centre of a geopolitical contest: Solomon Islands has a security pact with China, Papua New Guinea signed a defence cooperation deal with the United States, while Fiji last week co-hosted an Indo-Pacific defence chiefs conference with the U.S., which China attended.

Vanuatu's Prime Minister Ishamel Kalsakau has faced a political backlash for signing a security deal with U.S. ally Australia, after some lawmakers feared it could upset China, the nation's biggest external creditor.

Vanuatu's Supreme Court will make a ruling on Friday on whether a no-confidence motion against Kalsakau won enough support to unseat him.

Rabuka said concern about Japan's discharge of water from the wrecked Fukushima nuclear power plant was also discussed by MSG leaders.

In Fiji, a protest march was held in the capital Suva on Friday against Japan's discharge of water.

(Reporting by Kirsty Needham; editing by Miral Fahmy)