In a stunning fall from grace, Malaysia's former Prime Minister Najib Razak was charged in court on Wednesday as part of an investigation into allegations of extensive corruption and misappropriation at a state fund he founded.
Najib pled not guilty to three charges of criminal breach of trust and one count of abuse of power, in relation to a suspicious transaction involving SRC International, a former unit of 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB).
Each of the four charges carries a prison sentence of up to 20 years. The abuse of power charge carries a fine of not less than five times the "value of gratification".
"As a public official, which is prime minister and minister of finance, used your position for self gratification (for a) total of 42 million ringgit ($A13.5 million)," Attorney General Tommy said referring to the abuse of power charge.
The charges relate to funds that allegedly went from SRC International into Najib's personal bank account, but are only a fraction of the total amount allegedly misappropriated from 1MDB.
The US Department of Justice has said more than $US4.5 billion ($A6.1 billion) was siphoned from the fund.
Najib has denied wrongdoing since news of the scandal emerged.
SRC is the initial focus of Malaysian investigators as all the suspicious transactions involving the firm were made through Malaysian entities, unlike other 1MDB related transactions that went through foreign banks and companies.
Najib was arrested at his home on Tuesday, less than two months after an unexpected election defeat to a coalition led by his mentor-turned-foe Mahathir Mohamad. Police and anti-graft agency officials have revived investigations into the fund's missing billions since his ouster.
Some of Najib's children were present in court, including his stepson, Riza Aziz, who on Tuesday was questioned by anti-graft officers.
Najib, who spent the night in lockup, arrived at the court complex in Malaysia's capital of Kuala Lumpur, wearing a dark blue suit and a red tie.
Crowds of media and onlookers jostled to catch a glance of the former premier as he was led to a sessions court to face the charges.
Some members of Najib's UMNO party chanted and held up placards in support of their former leader.