Deal struck over Italy's next PM

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The party with the most votes in Italy's centre-right coalition will choose the prime minister if the bloc wins the coming election, the alliance says, putting far-right leader Giorgia Meloni in pole position for the top job.

Mario Draghi's government collapsed last week, opening the way for snap elections on September 25, with polls suggesting the rightist alliance is well placed to win the ballot.

Choosing a nominee for prime minister has sparked tension within the bloc, which includes Matteo Salvini's League, Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia and Meloni's Brothers of Italy, currently the most popular party in the coalition.

Italian newspapers have reported that Berlusconi was concerned the prospect of Meloni taking power would deter moderate voters, given her party's post-fascist roots.

However, the deal confirms a traditional rule within the bloc.

"The coalition will propose to the President of the Republic as premier the person indicated by the party with the most votes," the centre-right parties said in a statement after a meeting of their leaders.

Meloni's group polled just four per cent in the 2018 election, but is now predicted to win more than 23 per cent, making it Italy's largest party ahead of the main centre-left group, the Democratic Party.

In the event of victory, Meloni could nominate someone else from her camp if she wished.

Under Italy's election law, 36 per cent of parliamentarians in the upper and lower houses are elected on a first-past-the-post basis, with the rest chosen by proportional representation based on separate party lists.

This mixed system benefits parties that form alliances to avoid diluting support for their political family.

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