Russia's COVID-19 case tally has passed the two million mark as the number of daily deaths and infections hit new highs.
Russia, which has a huge testing program and a population of about 145 million, has the world's fifth-largest number of cases after the United States, India, Brazil and France.
Despite a recent surge in cases, authorities have resisted imposing lockdown restrictions across the country as they did earlier this year.
Instead, they have imposed strict rules for wearing masks and gloves, stressed the importance of hygiene and social distancing, and some regions have brought in their own targeted measures.
The coronavirus crisis response centre reported on Thursday there had been 23,610 new daily infections and 463 deaths related to COVID-19.
There were 6438 new cases in Moscow, the country's worst-affected area, it said, where restrictions include remote learning for secondary school children and overnight closures of bars, restaurants and nightclubs.