COP27 agreement on loss and damage fund

Countries have agreed at the COP27 climate summit to set up a fund to help poor countries being battered by climate disasters but delayed approving a wider deal outlining global resolve to fight climate change.

After tense negotiations that ran through the night, the Egyptian COP27 presidency released a text of the draft agreement - and simultaneously called a plenary session to gavel it through as a final, overarching agreement.

The session approved the text's provision to set up a "loss and damage" fund to help developing countries bear the immediate costs of climate-fuelled events such as storms and floods.

But it kicked many of the most controversial decisions on the fund into next year, when a "transitional committee" would make recommendations for countries to adopt at the COP28 climate summit in November 2023.

Those recommendations would cover "identifying and expanding sources of funding" - referring to the vexed question of which countries should pay into the new fund.

Calls by developing countries for such a fund have dominated the two-week summit, pushing the talks past their scheduled Friday finish.

Immediately after the plenary approval for the loss and damage fund, Switzerland called for a 30-minute suspension to allow time to study the new text - specifically the language relating to national efforts to cut climate-warming emissions.

Negotiators earlier had expressed worry about changes being discussed so late in the process.

The document, which forms the overall political deal for COP27, needs approval from the almost 200 countries at the climate summit in Egypt.

In line with earlier iterations, the draft did not contain a reference requested by India and some other delegations to phase down the use of "all fossil fuels".

It instead referred to a phase-down of coal only, as agreed at last year's summit.