Global shares rise as the US dollar takes breather
Global shares have risen but skimmed six-week lows after another round of data last week forced investors to prepare for higher interest rates in the United States and Europe and there could be more figures to underpin that argument this week.
US manufacturing and services data, as well as a raft of euro zone inflation figures are going to be instrumental in shaping investor expectations for March's central bank meetings.
There are also at least six Federal Reserve policy makers on the speaking diary this week to offer a running commentary on the likelihood of further rate hikes.
China has manufacturing surveys and the National People's Congress kicks off at the weekend and will see new economic policy targets and policies, as well as a reshuffling of government officials.
The MSCI All-World index of global shares rose 0.1 per cent on Monday, having posted its largest weekly decline last week since late September, dropping 2.6 per cent, thanks to a sizzling rally in the dollar.
The index is heading for a three per cent decline in February, after a rally in January saw many major stock indices post their strongest performance for the first month of the year in years.
January's euphoria, which was founded on expectations that the major economies will avoid tumbling into recession this year, has given way to something approaching realism about the outlook for interest rates, which are going to rise by more and stay at those levels for longer than many had previously anticipated.
"We've had a series of really strong macro data come through and I think that's just brought this reality check to the market, which had been completely ignoring it and are actually now on the same page as the Fed, which I think is a good thing," CityIndex market strategist Fiona Cincotta said.
Fed futures now have rates peaking around 5.42 per cent, implying at least three more hikes from the current 4.50 per cent to 4.75 per cent band, and some chance of 50 basis points in March.
When the Fed concluded its last policy meeting in early February - before the release of bumper January employment and business-sector activity data - markets showed traders expected a peak rate of 4.73 per cent, meaning there's almost an extra three-quarters of a point priced in.
US two-year Treasury yields, the most sensitive to shifts in interest-rate expectations, have risen by almost 80 bps in that time, while the S&P 500 has lost 6 per cent in value from February 2's five-month highs.
On Monday, European stocks bounced back, thanks to gains across typically rate-sensitive sectors such oil and gas, and technology, which fell 1.4 per cent and 3.8 per cent last week, respectively.
The STOXX 600, which last week lost 1.4 per cent, was up one per cent. S&P 500 futures firmed 0.1 per cent, while Nasdaq futures edged up 0.2 per cent.
It's not just the United States, where investors believe the central bank will have to keep raising rates to bring inflation back down. Money markets show traders believe the European Central Bank and the Bank of England will have to lift rates to a higher peak and leave them there for longer.
The dollar has been the main beneficiary of the shift in expectations for Fed rates.
It has risen by three per cent this month against a basket of major currencies, which would mark its strongest monthly performance since September, when it hit 20-year highs.
It was last flat on the day around 105.12, thanks to gains in the pound, which rose 0.3 per cent to $US1.1945 and in the yen, which gained 0.1 per cent to trade 136.35, having fallen to its lowest in nine weeks last week, thanks in part to dovish comments from top policy makers at the Bank of Japan.
Oil erased earlier losses and got a lift from a slightly softer dollar, as well as from the Russia's plan to cut supply.
Brent rose 0.5 per cent to $US83.59 a barrel, while US futures was up 0.6 per cent at $US76.77.