Adam Bonner isn't a lawyer, he's an egg farmer, but his battle could lead to cameras all across the country being taken down.
"No, I can't see that there's much reason to use these cameras at all," Mr Bonner said."If I thought that something worthwhile was going to come from having these cameras then you would have to weigh that up against the privacy issue but they don't reduce crime and they very rarely assist with prosecutions," Mr Bonner said.
Two years ago the farmer moved three hours away from town but still drops in regularly. When he heard the Shoalhaven City Council had won a federal grant to install cameras, he took it to court.
"This information is being collected by the state, it's being collected by the local council and it's being passed onto the police," Bonner said.
He argues the cameras invade his and everyone's basic right to privacy for nothing because, he argues, CCTV cameras do not reduce crime.
Shoalhaven City Mayor Paul Green holds a different view. His town of Nowra is trying to fight back against crime; the drunk, disorderly and the dangerous.
"To one individual's gain he may very well make a point about privacy, it'll be the community's loss [sic]," said Mr Green.
Nearly one year ago the council installed 18 digital CCTV cameras trained on trouble spots 24/7 with the pictures fed directly to police command where officers can see what's happening on a monitor.
As it stands the system cannot be switched on as result of Mr Bonner's legal challenge.
"It's all about safer communities and if we can give a guarantee that if you come into the CBD, if you're doing the right thing, there's nothing to worry about," Mr Green said.
The Mayor was applauded by the Business Association's Chance Hanlon when he won the money to get the cameras into the CBD of Nowra. Now they're both wondering if they'll ever be switched on.
"Then we're back at square one, then we've got to work on the New South Wales State Government saying we need extra policing,' Mr Hanlon said.
With no plans to put more real police on the street, the brawl over CCTV is furious and expensive. The council has already spent $35,000 of rate payers' money defending their right to film private citizens outdoors.
"Look I think in the 21st century when you go to the railway station and there's over 6500 cameras on that, you go into a supermarket you're being filmed from who knows where, the little store, the service station you're being filmed... I think in the 21st century people have got to expect they're going to have some sort of surveillance over them," Mr Green said.
"I think council's turned a blind eye to some of the material that it really should have examined so this is on their head because they've made the mistakes from woe to go," said an unrepentant Mr Bonner.
All eyes are on this small town on the South Coast of New South Wales. If the tribunal decides these cameras do invade people's privacy we could see similar challenges mounted across the country. On the other hand, if they allow the cameras, we could quickly see CCTV cameras pop up in every city and town across Australia. To see just how quickly, we need only look at the world's capital of cameras, London.
The United Kingdom today has nearly six million of them. This is where the best research is all done. Incredibly, the cameras have had no impact on criminal behaviour, apart from possible reductions in car theft in some areas.
In August 2009 thieves escaped from Grafs Jewellery store in London with $80 million worth of valuables.
The two main perpetrators were recently convicted and jailed. The gang was filmed by numerous CCTV cameras in the streets of Mayfair but that's not how they were caught. The cameras could not identify them.
No, during the getaway they crashed into a taxi, the driver remembered them and their car. They also left a mobile phone on the backseat.
The jewels still have not been recovered.
"Recent research has suggested that for every 1000 cameras in London per year there's only one successful prosecution for every thousand cameras [sic]. I mean, that's just staggering," said Mr Bonner.
"Worse still, the cameras cost one billion dollars but they have only helped solve three per cent of London's street robberies."
"But the police are telling us, in their experience, they have used CCTV right across probably Australia and they say they help collect intelligence that hold people accountable from doing the wrong thing," said Mr Green.
As for privacy concerns? Mr Green says it is worth the risk despite concerns footage from cameras could me misused.
Ipswich in Queensland has the most cameras in Australia with 200. All the capitals have state-owned CCTV watching us all, though in Nowra they have no plans to actively monitor the camera feeds.
"If they do that they've got to employ somebody to sit in front of the monitor and watch these cameras," Mr Bonner said. "To me that's just ridiculous, why not just spend the funding on security guards who do foot patrols and actually provide a deterrence whereas these cameras don't [sic]."A ruling from the administrative decision's tribunal is expected in the coming weeks. Whatever the outcome the nation will be watching.