Today Tonight goes to the heartland of that change in the places where new Australians from Asia, Africa and the Middle East are choosing to live.Sydney is a city of shifting suburbs, changing cultures and redefined postcodes redefined. It is out with the old, in with the new.
No longer an Anglo outpost, with six million migrants it is a tapestry of tribes scattered from Sydney's outer-west to its eastern suburbs.
And new pockets have emerged: Little Iraq in Fairfield, Little Philippines in Woodcroft and Little South Africa in Dover Heights.More stories from Today Tonight
For some it’s confronting but for those like demographer Bernard Salt, the conclusion is simple.“We take the best from them and they take the best from us," Mr Salt said.
Harris Park is otherwise known as Little India.“Near Parramatta, 41 per cent of the population is Indian born," Mr Salt said.
Harris Park's population boom began with restaurant, Bilu's. Before it opened, the Indian population was in the hundreds, now it’s over 5000 and an industry catering to this vibrant culture is now thriving.
There are a number of clothes stores, 15 Indian restaurants and a number of grocery stores.
Next stop is the home of Mustafa and it is the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month.
For Mustafa and his extended family, it’s like Christmas Eve.
“This is Christmas Day eating for us Muslims, 29 to 30 days of the month. We’ve got a seafood salad, we got some spring rolls, Kibbeh”, Mustafa said.“I don’t want to lose track of my culture, I’m definitely Lebanese-Australian. When we first came to Australia we were in Redfern a lot, in Marrickville a lot and they’ve slowly moved to Lakemba more, Wiley Park. For 10, 15 years we’ve been in Lakemba, Punchbowl, Greenacre," Mustafa said.
“We like to gather in an area - it caters to our needs in regards to the foods we eat and the education we like to send our kids to. I’s all here”, Mustafa’s friend, Albert said.
The highest number of concentration of the Chinese community is in Hurstville in Sydney's south. Thirty-six of the population in Hurstville is Chinese.
Two thirds of Sydney's Jewish community lives in the Eastern Suburbs.
For Rabbi Slavin and his family, the Bondi Jewish community has risen around its Synagogues, Jewish schools and Kosher shops.
“Sydney is a town where one in three people are born overseas. It is a very, very migrant driven town and within the Jewish community it’s much higher than that. They’ve come to make a better life for themselves, they’ve come to leave whatever challenges, sorrow behind and they want to really give themselves and give the families a go to do much better. And this really is so Australian of giving people a go. It so goes to the core of who we are as a country," Rabi Slavin said.
“Many ethnicities have strong and religious values and as a consequence, they like to be located near their religious institutions, whether that's a mosque, whether it's a church, whether it's a synagogue. This is very important to the Jewish community”, said Rabi David Slavin.
And if history is a guide, people will also move into different areas.
“The Greeks and Italians arrived, primarily Melbourne and Sydney, in the 1950s and the 1960s and they congregated into specific suburbs, places like Leichardt in Sydney, Carlton in Melbourne. Over time, within a generation, the Greeks and the Italians had moved out of those enclaves and into the broader community and my view is that we'll find that the Chinese, the Indians and other nationalities and ethnicities will do the same," Mr Salt said.Are you comfortable with Australia's new multiculturalism?