South Australia plans to establish itself as home to the southern hemisphere's largest and most advanced health and medical research precinct with a commitment to build a second major hospital.
The government will move Adelaide's Women's and Children's Hospital to the site of the new Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) which is currently under construction.
Premier Jay Weatherill revealed the plans at the ALP state convention in Adelaide on Saturday.
The new facility is scheduled to open in 2023, about seven years after the new RAH begins operating.
It will be located alongside the RAH and the soon-to-be opened health and medical research facility, and will have its own entrance with paediatric services operating separately to adult services.
Mr Weatherill said the plan was part of the state government's long-term vision to build the southern hemisphere's largest and most advanced health and medical research precinct.
"The Women's and Children's Hospital is the state's largest maternity and obstetric service and has a deserved reputation as one of Australia's leading hospitals in the care of children," the premier said.
"The current hospital building is ageing and has limited options for expansion.
"By moving it to the new Royal Adelaide Hospital site, we will have a world-class adult, women's and children's hospital facility with specialised care and improved services."
Health Minister Jack Snelling said the government would now work with clinicians to develop the new hospital.
"The state government is seeking initial feedback from clinicians, staff, unions and the community to ensure the planning and development of the new Women's and Children's Hospital is inclusive and comprehensive," he said.