It is a sobering fact that the place our children should be the safest is also the most likely location for them to be injured, even killed. Three out of four serious injuries to young children occur in the home, according to Kidsafe WA.
And danger can come from the most commonplace household items.
In the past six months two young lives have been lost from television-related injuries - one from a falling television and the other from a child climbing up a cabinet towards a television and then falling.
Meredith Borland, head of Princess Margaret Hospital's emergency department, hopes tragedies like these might be avoided as analogue TVs are replaced by flat screens.
"I would imagine flat screens being lighter are going to be causing less injuries and fixing them to the wall should be a safer mechanism," Associate Professor Borland said.
She said televisions should be anchored, just like bookcases.
Kidsafe data shows 57 children presented to Princess Margaret Hospital with injuries relating to TVs in the year to mid-2012. Seventeen involved the TV cabinet falling on the child and two required admission to hospital.
Water also remains an ever-present danger, especially to younger children, and this summer has been one of the worst in years for drownings and near misses, according to Professor Borland.
Five children have drowned and there have been numerous close calls.
"It has been a weekly event that we have had a child who has had some sort of immersion. The majority of them have been near misses but they have been immersions that have shocked and worried parents," Professor Borland said.
"We've had more than we have seen in previous years of children who have been plucked out of swimming pools, even paddling pools, showers and other places where they have probably been going to get cool and, in fact, have been close to being tragedies."
She said it was disappointing that many cases involved inadequate supervision.
"It is just a horrible thing for a family to have to suffer. They often feel very guilty," she said. "These children, if they come out and they are resuscitated, generally do well but there is that potential that they can have brain damage, and things like that, related to being short of oxygen and ultimately they might die before being resuscitated."
Professor Borland said "child-proofing" your home depended on the child.
"Certain children will do some things and other children won't. Some kids won't climb while others are very inquisitive or like to do that stuff. So you have to be flexible and understand them," she said.
"Seek help from Kidsafe about what is available and be vigilant and monitor what your child is able and capable of doing and adjust for that."
She said as children became more mobile, parents needed to modify their houses accordingly.
A particularly risky time for children was when they visited their grandparents, or there were visitors in the house, increasing the potential for children to get into handbags or discover medicines not appropriately secured.
"Some of grandma's pills can be very serious and dangerous. One pill can be enough to kill," she said.
It was a matter of teaching family and friends that they too needed to ensure children were kept away from potential dangers.
Kidsafe general manager of programs Melita Leeds advised parents to get down on their hands and knees at their child's level and see what was within reach.
"Before they get mobile, grab a Kidsafe home safety checklist and look at some of things you might need to improve in your home," she said.
"But it's not just about locking things away. It's about that constant education to teach kids what the boundaries are, what the correct or safe way to do things is and not just relying on latches, catches, gates and everything else as your prevention.
"We still want to allow children to get around our house and explore and do the things they need to do to get to all those developmental milestones without putting them at risk of serious injury and ending up in hospital."Kidsafe WA offers a child safety checklist for parents as well as a number of helpful classes, publications and online resources. To find out more go to kidsafewa.com.au.
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