MILAN (Reuters) - Italian banks Intesa Sanpaolo
The Italian parliament on Wednesday gave final approval to a decree hiking the value of Bank of Italy's (BOI) share capital to 7.5 billion euros from 156,000 euros previously, which had not been changed since the 1930s.
The decree also set a 3 percent ceiling on the stake that the central bank's shareholders - mostly Italian banks - can own.
That means that Intesa and UniCredit, currently the central bank's largest shareholders with stakes of 42 percent and 22 percent respectively, will have to sell the bulk of their stakes on the market or to the central bank - which can buy them back for a limited period of time.
The decree says the banks have three years to comply with the new rules.
Should Intesa Sanpaolo sell a 39 percent stake, it could cash in up to 2.3 billion euros before tax according to analysts' calculations based on the new share capital of the Bank of Italy.
UniCredit could pocket a gross capital gain of around 1.15 billion euros from the disposal of its 19 percent stake in the central bank.
The only other lender with a stake in the central bank exceeding 3 percent is Carige
The capital gains from the sale would be used to boost the banks' core capital, which in the case of UniCredit and Intesa already meets stringent Basel III regulations.
The boost for the common equity tier 1 would not in any case count in a health check of European lenders being conducted by the European Central Bank, which will use the banks' balance sheets at the end of 2013 for its assessment.
"The ownership limit will benefit only Intesa Sanpaolo and UniCredit," said Fabrizio Bernardi, analyst at Fidentiis Equities.
"It will not help, however, Monte dei Paschi di Siena
Monte dei Paschi has to raise 3 billion euros later this year to pay back state aid, while Carige needs to boost its capital by 800 million euros.
The new law will enable the commercial banks to improve their balance sheets from 2015, and also help public finances thanks to the taxation of the capital gain the banks will register.
Italy will pocket 900 million euros between 2014 and 2016 from the taxation of revalued stakes in the central bank.
($1 = 0.7415 euros)
(Reporting by Francesca Landini; Editing by Susan Fenton)