A powerful bloc of nations, including Australia, the US and France, are ramping up pressure on Russia to support the establishment of marine protected areas in the Southern Ocean, the Ross Sea and east Antarctica.
The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources will meet in Hobart next week.
Russia vetoed proposals at a meeting of the commission's 25 members in July.
Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop and US Secretary of State John Kerry released a joint statement on Wednesday with their counterparts from New Zealand, France and the commissioner for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the European Union.
"The Ross Sea and east Antarctica regions are widely recognised for their remarkable ecological and scientific importance," the statement read.
"The MPA proposals now before the commission are based on sound and best available science, will provide a unique laboratory for continuation of marine research, and will have profound and lasting benefits for ocean conservation, including sustainable use of its resources."We call on all members of the commission to bring years of preparation to a successful conclusion by establishing these important, science-based MPAs at the next session of the Commission in October 2013 in Hobart, Australia."